Choice and Success

“Although we rightly acknowledge and amply compensate the play of mind in white-collar and professional work, we diminish or erase it in considerations about other endeavors – physical and service work particularly.” (384) Mental and physical work are equivalent. One should not be looked at as higher or more important. Both require skills and are needed in society. Life would be chaos without either of these types of jobs. Society’s outlook needs to change. There needs to be a better appreciation for all types of work. There is intelligence in both mental and physical aspects of work. “Planning and problem solving have been studies since the earliest days of modern cognitive psychology and are considered core elements in Western definitions of intelligence.” (385) Both planning and problem solving are used in all jobs. What differs are the types of planning and problems. Both white-collar and blue-collar jobs have planning to be done and problems to be solved. One should not be looked at as more important or valuable. All jobs serve their part in society. If society devalues physical work then that may affect what individuals think they want to do in the future. This will result in a need for skilled workers. There needs to be a better outlook on intelligence. All intelligence is needed for all of life to run smoothly. People will not realize this until their power goes out and they need to find and electrician. Physical work and service is valuable to us all. Besides there is a need for skilled workers there also may be a low rate of satisfaction if individuals are picking college only because that’s what society wants them to do. There is “satisfaction of being good at what one does for a living (and knowing it)” (395) Its is important for people to follow their passion because that is where they will succeed. Go on the path that is most rewarding. Everyone has skills and what is meant for them. College may not be meant for them. This idea should be accepted and embraced more.



Intelligence should be defined by more than just academics. For example, blue-collar workers exercise physical intelligence. Intelligence is both mental and physical. There are many intellectual skills that go into blue-collar jobs. “Intelligence is closely associated with formal education- the type of schooling, a person has, how much and how long- and most people seem to move comfortably from that notion to a belief that work requiring less schooling requires less intelligence.” (381) Society only looks at intelligence in terms of academics and how much schooling an individual has had. Schooling does not correlate to how intelligent someone is all the time. Intelligence can be acquired outside of a school environment. A lot of learning comes through experience with jobs and outside of classroom experience. Certain skills are learned while actually working hands-on in a situation. “Generalizations about intelligence, work, and social class deeply affect our assumptions about ourselves and each other, guiding the ways we use our minds to learn, build knowledge, solve problems, and make our way through the world” (381)main-qimg-071a87e9c3790890a15602c9bcb5d3df-c.jpeg